Monthly Archives: July 2016

Educational Psychology

Careers in psychology revolve around how people think and feel in different situations. The study of any branch of psychology requires a strong theoretical knowledge combined with practical experience of human thinking and emotions. There are various branches of psychology; some of which are clinical psychology, forensic psychology, occupational psychology, neuropsychology, and educational psychology, just to name the major ones.

What is Educational Psychology?

Educational psychology is termed as the analysis of how an individual learns and responds in various educational settings. This involves the study of the learning and grasping level of a student and the teaching practices followed in various educational systems. Studies in this field have led to development of concepts like effective classroom management, good teaching styles, special education needs, study-play balance, most suitable courses of study, etc. This field of psychology has certainly contributed to an improvement in the educational system in general. Professionals studying and practicing this subject are referred to as educational psychologists, or ‘school psychologists’ if working in a school setting.

Requirements
The fundamental requirement to start a career in this field is to possess a bachelor’s degree. Note that you might not get a full-fledged job in the field with just an undergraduate degree. You may look for a job as an assistant to a certified educational psychologist. In order to get a good job, you basically require a master’s degree in the field. If you want to excel in this career, you can even opt for the Education Specialist (EdS) or Doctor of Education (Ed.D) degrees. You can get in touch with the American Psychological Association (APA) for obtaining a list of accredited colleges and degrees which offer doctoral programs in school psychology.

Certification is required in order to qualify for a high-paying job. You can obtain the Nationally Certified School Psychologist (NCSP) certification offered by the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP), which is valued in 31 states at present. You can even go for board certification in school psychology administered by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP), which requires a candidate to possess a doctorate in psychology.

Job Description

  • Evaluating educational material; that includes courses, trainings, and educational technology used, to know situations students can learn the best in.
  • Devising special educational programs according to learning styles of individuals.
  • Communicating with students and finding out their learning or emotional needs.
  • Arranging for programs that mainly focus on improving cognition and behavior of students.
  • Educating parents and teachers of gifted students about proper ways to motivate them and developing their talents.
  • Counseling students and helping them get over a loss or a depressing situation in education.
  • Documenting all tasks and results of the work performed, and using the same for further in-depth research.

Homeschool Curriculum Reviews

All parents want the best education for their children, perhaps none more so than homeschooling parents. With so many homeschool curriculums available on the market today, it has become necessary to find reviews that can help parents make the right decision on choosing the best curriculum. You must know where to find homeschool curriculum reviews so your child can get the best possible home education.

You can contact curriculum publishers and ask for samples of their materials. Review these samples and see if they fit your personal home schooling philosophy. Compare the samples to determine which ones are best.

It’s a good idea to find out the curriculum being used by public and private schools in your area. Some of the curriculum materials may be available to homeschoolers. See how they compare with other curriculums.

Talk to other parents of homeschooled children and ask about the curriculums they are using. Find out what they like or don’t like about their child’s curriculum.

A reliable homeschool review is a valuable tool that can help you choose the best curriculum for your child. A number of sites provide curriculum reviews for homeschooling. Most of these sites focus on the advantages of the curriculum being reviewed and not so much on the negative side, but they are still very helpful in finding the information you want. The following homeschool curriculum review sites are suggested:

Home School Christian Reviews: This site provides home schooling product reviews, including curriculum author interviews.

Home School Reviews: This site provides reviews of specific homeschool curriculum posted by various people who have actually used the curriculums. You can expect honest feedbacks on what they like or don’t like about the curriculum. However, you must remember that a curriculum someone does not like may be exactly what you are looking for.

Cathy Duffy’s Home School Curriculum Reviews: You will find reviews of the major home school curriculums as well as lesser known materials. The reviews are detailed and frequently offer concrete examples from the materials. The benefits as well as actual and potential problems of the curriculums are also cited.

Living Math Reviews: Parents looking for effective math-related home school curriculums can use this site to check out the best ones available in the market today. This site gives good advice and is highly recommended.

After checking out different homeschool curriculum review sites, you should be able to make your choice more easily. Know the learning style and type of structure you want before you begin your search for a curriculum for homeschooling.

Accounting Education

Abstract: The purpose of this report is to enlighten the public on Accounting Education Standards ( IAES), as well as an in-depth look at the impact of globalization has on IAES. This paper will discuss the collaboration of the international Federation of Accountants (IFAC) and the International Accounting Education Standards Board (IAESB) to regulate IAES.

Introduction

It’s easy to observe that the involvement of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in most countries is great for economic growth, but it’s even more imperative for businesses that are internationally incorporated. Global business affects all corporations from little proprietorship’s too Big C-Corporations. Because every company is involved somehow with international business, IAES is not just a small part of accounting education but instead IAES is accounting education.

The Role of IAESB and IFAC

The IFAC has a network of over 2.5 million professional accountants around the world, in over 123 countries. Along with The IAESB, the IFAC works together in the globalization of accounting standards. IFAC mission is:

⦁ To grow the accountant profession while contributing to the development of the global economy, and serving the public interest.

⦁ Develop and advertise acceptance for high-quality professional standards

⦁ Expand on international convergence

⦁ Get involved in public issue when relevant to the profession

Accounting Education is rapidly changing with the development of the International Accounting Education Standards Board (IAESB). IAESB is an independent committee established to create standards for international accounting education. IAES serves a purpose of making sure every accountant, regardless of education background and demographic, has equivalent qualifications of professional accountants. The IAESB creates and promotes standards that are best suitable for society. According to the board’s January 2012 Terms of Reference (IFAC 2012), the IAESB’s objective is to serve the public interest by:

⦁ Publishing of high-quality standards that represent good practice in the education, growth, and evaluation of professional accountants;

⦁ Bring awareness to the acceptance and practice of the International Education Standards;

⦁ Creating an education reference point for assessing the utilization of the International Education Standards;

The standards are issued to help accounting education by, setting guidelines for operating and bookkeeping internationally, stating the appropriate knowledge, professional skills, and ethics required to be a global accountant. These standards also implant in accountants a tendency of continued learning that will allow for accountants to adopt easily to changes in universal standards. Furthermore, IAES promotes convergence and constant practice of international standards by setting forth a common base of education and useful experience for every professional.

There are challenges in the convergence of education standards because convergence of IAES unlike the convergence of Financial Reporting Standards is less talked about among educators. The IAESB supports fully the convergence of educational outcomes to achieve accountant competence, but there are many ways for an accountant to achieve practised competence without following the conventional path set by his country. Nevertheless, the support of academic outcomes does not translate to convergence in non-accustomed educational outlets such as professional programs. Around the world, there are thousands of distinct education systems that follow various curriculum and teaching styles. The competency of an accountant is measured using a traditional method; a method that evaluates the accountant education background, their related experience and examination. However, it’s still difficult to assess the best possible approach because each of the E’s- education, experience, and examination vary from country to country.

For example, the United States and the United Kingdom are closely correlated in culture and language but have an apparent difference in professional accounting education. In the U.S., higher education (Universities) is the main path for the accounting profession. Becoming a licensed CPA in the U.S. takes no practical experience. The IFAC role of the universities is minimal, and they do not determine the university’s curriculum, or if they’re accounting, program is even acceptable.

In contrast to the U.S., the U.K depends more on practised programs for accounting education. Ambitious accountants complete their studies through the qualified institutes by gaining three years of experience working for an employer. Most of the accountants in the U.K did not graduate college with an accounting degree, and some did not obtain any kind of degree. Despite the differences in education, convergence may still happen by finding common ground. Educators, whether it be professors at universities, or professionals should advocate a process to develop the necessary competence needed to advance the global economy and society.

Conclusion

Its apparent that globalization has a massive effect on accounting education. International Education Standards that are developed by the International Accounting Education Standards Board (IAESB) are the main influences in accounting training worldwide. Professionals are now pressured to be teachers; while professors and students are demanded to understand the universal rules.

Homeschooling Facts and Statistics

Considered extinct in the 1970s, homeschooling as a medium of education is making a comeback in the United States in a big way. Many research firms have taken up active studies related to homeschooling and it has become a hotbed of debate and deliberation among parents, students, public officials and educators.

What is a Homeschool Education?
A well-rounded education helps children become responsible citizens of society, fulfill their duties towards their families and live happy and productive lives. A relatively less common method of education in the US, besides public and private schools, is homeschooling. A traditional definition would simply be – education imparted in the home environment by a guardian or parent. However there are certain guidelines to be followed for homeschoolers and they vary from state to state. Many states specify which subjects and material needs to be covered, while others require a yearly evaluation to be done to gauge progress. Implementing such regulations is a different matter altogether, as it is difficult for the state to know if parents are being fair in imparting knowledge on complex subjects. Issues such as these have made homeschooling a controversial aspect of the educational system.

Homeschooling Facts and Statistics

  • According to a research by National Home Education Research Institute (NHERI) in 2010, homeschooling is growing at a rate of 2-8% every year making it the fastest among different forms of education.
  • 2010 data from the NHERI indicates that there are about 2.04 million homeschooled students in the United States.
  • An approximate 1.75 to 2.35 million students were homeschooled during the early months of 2010.
  • $16 billion of the taxpayer money was saved due to homeschooling programs in the country. Homeschooled children do not have to depend on government funds for their education.
  • Nearly 15% of the Hispanic community home-schools their children.
  • Homeschooling is a diverse demographic, drawing families from minority communities as well as the mainstream population.
  • College students who were homeschooled as children, graduated at a higher rate of 67%, than students from the institutional mode of education. They were behind at 55%.
  • Income demographics for homeschooled students are also widely distributed, from $34000 to $70000.
  • Almost 74% of homeschooled children have gone to colleges as compared to 44% of the general population.
  • 71% of homeschooled children have been found to be involved in at least one community service as compared to 37% of the general population.
  • Homeschooled children score 15 to 30 percentile points more than their public or private school counterparts.
  • Recent research has shown homeschooled students socialize well in college and in fact take part in a greater number

of sports and social activities than students already in the system.
*2010 data from the National Home Education Research Institute (NHERI).
Benefits of Homeschooling

Customizing education: Parents can plan education for their children according to the child’s abilities. A homeschooled child has an advantage of having his best evaluators with him. Moreover, the flexibility that homeschooling allows in the matter of choosing subjects and the way in which a parent or guardian can go about teaching it, makes homeschooling a better option for many parents who want the best for their children.

Better academics: Even the data speaks for this aspect of homeschooling. Homeschooled kids do better at studies than children in the traditional education system mainly because they have the advantage of asking questions and exploring their interests from a much younger age. They develop skills in things they like and pursue them later, picking up the same subjects in college and doing well in them.

A safer environment: This is possibly the greatest cause of the yearly increase in parents and guardians deciding to home-school their kids and not put them through the system. Public schools in many states have become havens of violence and drug abuse, not counting the lack of discipline and moral safeguards which should be ingrained in any educational institution. Many parents opt to keep their kids at home and preserve their childhood while also imparting worldly education.

Imparting values and world views: A homeschooled child is not exposed to commercialism and consumerism in the same way a child going to a public school is. The values and rationale in him can be cultivated in a positive manner under the guidance of his parents or guardians. Homeschooled children have a greater sense of responsibility towards family and society and take active part in social programs in college and work life.

Focus on the child: The purpose of education is to impart knowledge and values to children, the focal point of the learning process. In the confused and often cluttered syllabus and extra-curricular activities made compulsory in public schools, somewhere the focus on the primary subject – the child, is lost. Homeschooling makes children the center of the process. The teacher can devote his entire time and attention to one or two children and make strategies to improve their reading, writing and numerical abilities. It has been seen that public schools are neglecting the fundamentals such as reading and writing in favor of fancy subjects and unnecessary social activities. This can be avoided in a homeschool environment.

Travel and education: Many parents in the US have to travel extensively due to work or business commitments. Children are often left alone or with guardians who sometimes neglect studies and regular schooling. The child begins to lose interest in academics and is plagued by distractions. A homeschooled child can travel with his parents when they move or go to different cities for work. The parent being the teacher can manage the children’s educational schedules along with his own and doesn’t have to worry about leaving them with guardians or in boarding schools.

Homeschooling vs. Public schooling
There is no hard data which conclusively proves that homeschooling is better than public or private forms of education, but research is on. It will include new types of controls and variables and make definite measurements regarding this type of education. Brian D. Ray, Ph. D published a paper on the NHERI website commenting on the research done by Martin-Chang, Gould, and Meuse which supports the theory that in some specific forms of homeschooling, the benefits do outweigh those from public institutions. However, the debate between this so-called ‘radical’ and ‘back to nature’ form of education and the more formal, regularized approach towards learning rages on. Critics argue that homeschooling results in neglect of the child and apathy towards learning. They say that the parents’ sense of responsibility cannot be counted upon as every shift in their circumstance has a direct impact on the education of the child. If the parent or guardian cannot hold a job or is frequently in and out of relationships, it will cause a retrograde movement in the learning curve of the children dependent on him or her.

Whatever the case may be, homeschooling is fast becoming an acceptable and a better approach towards learning, and will continue to attract parents who want to give their children a holistic education to help them realize their potential.